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DASS 21 – Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale

DASS 21 – Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale

The DASS 21 is a 21 item self report questionnaire designed to measure the severity of a range of symptoms common to both Depression and Anxiety. In completing the DASS, the individual is required to indicate the presence of a symptom over the previous week. Each item is scored from 0 (did not apply to me at all over the last week) to 3 (applied to me very much or most of the time over the past week).

The essential function of the DASS is to assess the severity of the core symptoms of Depression, Anxiety and Stress. Accordingly, the DASS allows not only a way to measure the severity of a patient’s symptoms but a means by which a patient’s response to treatment can also be measured.

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  • 1. I found it hard to wind down

    1 / 21

  • 2. I was aware of dryness of my mouth

    2 / 21

  • 3. I couldn’t seem to experience any positive feeling at all

    3 / 21

  • 4. I experienced breathing difficulty (eg, excessively rapid breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion)

    4 / 21

  • 5. I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things

    5 / 21

  • 6. I tended to over-react to situations

    6 / 21

  • 7. I experienced trembling (eg, in the hands)

    7 / 21

  • 8. I felt that I was using a lot of nervous energy

    8 / 21

  • 9. I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself.

    9 / 21

  • 10. I felt that I had nothing to look forward to

    10 / 21

  • 11. I found myself getting agitated

    11 / 21

  • 12. I found it difficult to relax

    12 / 21

  • 13. I felt down-hearted and blue

    13 / 21

  • 14. I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing

    14 / 21

  • 15. I felt I was close to panic

    15 / 21

  • 16. I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything

    16 / 21

  • 17. I felt I wasn’t worth much as a person

    17 / 21

  • 18. I felt that I was rather touchy

    18 / 21

  • 19. I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (eg, sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat)

    19 / 21

  • 20. I felt scared without any good reason

    20 / 21

  • 21. I felt that life was meaningless

    21 / 21

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